What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is commonly known as high blood pressure. Usually, when blood pressure rises, blood causes a tremendous amount of pressure on the walls of the arteries. Over time, this can cause weakness in the vessel, scarring, and can raise the risk of blood clots.

The most common type of hypertension develops gradually over the years and can be affected by your weight, diet, age, activity level, stress,  alcohol, and tobacco use.

How is hypertension diagnosed?

The average blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg. High blood pressure is present at any range above 140/90 mm Hg. A high number is known as systolic blood pressure, which is blood pressure while your heart is contractile and full of blood. Diastolic number or lower number blood pressure while in the middle of a stroke.

How to diagnosed hypertension

Causes of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure usually develops over time. It develops due to unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as a sedentary lifestyle. Certain diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, can also increase the
risk of developing hypertension. It can also develop during pregnancy.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Many people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure level reaches dangerously high levels. Some people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds, but these features aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.

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